Time, Duration and Freedom – Bergson’s Critical Move Against Kant

Main Article Content

Arjen Kleinherenbrink

Abstract

Research into Bergson’s philosophy downplays a key development in his first work, Time and free will. It is there that Bergson explicitly opposes himself to Kant by arguing that succession is not a temporal concept, but a spatial one. This is the crucial point of departure for Bergson’s entire philosophy, one that allows him to radically dismiss Kant’s notion of freedom in favor of one based on duration and multiplicity. This text has two aims. Firstly to add to Bergson scholarship by explicating the structure and force of Bergson’s initial argument against Kant, demonstrating that his engagement with Kant is much less incremental than has been suggested in secondary literature. Secondly, to reconstruct the consequences regarding freedom that Bergson immediately draws in departing from Kant, which illustrates the profundity and originality of his thought at the very inception of his oeuvre.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kleinherenbrink, Arjen. 2014. “Time, Duration and Freedom – Bergson’s Critical Move Against Kant”. Diametros, no. 39 (March):203-30. https://doi.org/10.13153/diam.39.2014.572.
Section
Other articles
Author Biography

Arjen Kleinherenbrink, Radboud University Nijmegen

Arjen KleinherenbrinkFaculty of Philosophy, Theology and Religious StudiesCenter for Contemporary European PhilosophyDepartment of Fundamental PhilosophyRadboud University NijmegenRoom 16.21, Erasmusplein 1, Postbus 9103, 6500 HD Nijmegen, The NetherlandsT: 0031 24 361 2168, F: 0031 24 361 5564, E: a.kleinherenbrink@ftr.ru.nl
Share |

References

Allison [1990] – H.E. Allison, Kant's theory of freedom, Cambridge University Press, New York 1990.
View in Google Scholar

Ansell Pearson [2002] – K. Ansell Pearson, Philosophy and the adventure of the virtual – Bergson and the time of life, Routledge, London 2002.
View in Google Scholar

Ansell Pearson, Mullarkey [2002] – K. Ansell Pearson, J. Mullarkey, Henri Bergson – key writings, Continuum, London 2002.
View in Google Scholar

Barthélemey-Madaule [1966] – M. Barthlémey-Madaule, Bergson adversaire de Kant, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris 1966.
View in Google Scholar

Beets [1988] – M.G.J. Beets, Reality and freedom, Eburon, Delft 1988.
View in Google Scholar

Bergson [1971] – H. Bergson, The creative mind, Philosophical Library Inc, New York 1971.
View in Google Scholar

Bergson [1991] – H. Bergson, Matter and memory, trans. N.M. Paul, W.S. Palmer, Zone Books, New York 1991.
View in Google Scholar

Bergson [1998] – H. Bergson, Creative evolution, Dover Publications Inc, Mineola 1998.
View in Google Scholar

Bergson [2000] – H. Bergson, Duration and simultaneity, trans. L. Jacobson, M. Lewis, Clinamen Press, Manchester 2000.
View in Google Scholar

Bergson [2001] – H. Bergson, Time and free will: an essay on the immediate data of consciousness, trans. F.L. Pogson, Dover Publications Inc, Mineola 2001.
View in Google Scholar

Deleuze [1980] – G. Deleuze, Leibniz, seminar given at Vincennes on 20.05.1980, URL = http://www.webdeleuze.com/php/texte.php?cle=129&groupe=Leibniz&langue=1 [09.04.2013].
View in Google Scholar

Deleuze [1980] – G. Deleuze, Spinoza, seminar given at Vincennes on 25.11.1980, URL = http://www.webdeleuze.com/php/texte.php?cle=15&groupe=Spinoza&langue=1 [09.04.2013].
View in Google Scholar

Deleuze [1986] – G. Deleuze, Cinema 1 - the movement image, trans. H. Tomlinson, B. Habberjam, Athlone Press, London 1986.
View in Google Scholar

Deleuze [1988] – G. Deleuze, Bergsonism, trans. H. Tomlinson, Zone Books, New York 1988.
View in Google Scholar

Deleuze [1994] – G. Deleuze, Difference and repetition, trans. P. Patton, Columbia University Press, New York 1994.
View in Google Scholar

Deleuze [2004] – G. Deleuze, Desert islands and other texts 1953–1974, trans. M. Taormina, Semiotext(e) / MIT Press, Cambridge, MA 2004.
View in Google Scholar

Deleuze, Guattari [1987] – G. Deleuze, F. Guattari, A thousand plateaus – capitalism and schizophrenia 2, trans. B. Massumi, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis 1987.
View in Google Scholar

Guerlac [2006] – S. Guerlac, Thinking in time: an introduction to Henri Bergson, Cornell University Press, New York 2006.
View in Google Scholar

Gunter [2005] – P.A.Y. Gunter, Introduction, [in:] Henri Bergson, Creative Evolution, Barnes & Noble, New York 2005.
View in Google Scholar

Guyer [1993] – P. Guyer, Kant and the experience of freedom, Cambridge University Press, New York 1993.
View in Google Scholar

Guyer [2005] – P. Guyer, Kant's system of nature and freedom, Oxford University Press, New York 2005.
View in Google Scholar

Guyer [2007] – P. Guyer, Kant's groundwork of the metaphysics of morals, Continuum, New York 2007.
View in Google Scholar

Guyer [2009] – P. Guyer, Problems with freedom: Kant's argument in Groundwork III and its subsequent emandations, [in:] J. Timmerman (ed.), Kant's groundwork of the metaphysics of morals, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2009.
View in Google Scholar

Harris [1933] – M.S. Harris, Bergson's conception of freedom, “The philosophical review” 42 (5) 1933.
View in Google Scholar

Jacobs, Perri [2010] – H. Jacobs, T. Perri, Intuition and freedom: Bergson, Husserl and the movement of philosophy, [in:] M.R. Kelly (ed.), Bergson and phenomenology, Palgrave Macmillan, London 2010.
View in Google Scholar

Jordan [1912] – B. Jordan, Kant and Bergson, “Monist” 22(1) 1912.
View in Google Scholar

Kant [1956] – I. Kant, Critique of practical reason, trans. L.W. Beck, Bobs-Merrill Company, Indianapolis 1956.
View in Google Scholar

Kant [1959] – I. Kant, Foundations of the metaphysics of morals & What is enlightenment?, trans. L.W. Beck, Bobs-Merrill Company, Indianapolis 1959.
View in Google Scholar

Kant [1998] – I. Kant, Critique of pure reason, trans. P. Guyer, A.W. Wood, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1998.
View in Google Scholar

Kolakowski [1985] – L. Kolakowski, Bergson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1985.
View in Google Scholar

Lawlor [2010] – L. Lawlor, Intuition and duration: an introduction to Bergson's 'Introduction to metaphysics’, [in:] M.R. Kelly (ed.), Bergson and phenomenology, Palgrave Macmillan, London 2010.
View in Google Scholar

Merleau-Ponty [1964] – M. Merleau-Ponty, Bergson in the making, [in:] Signs, Northwestern University Press, Evanston 1964.
View in Google Scholar

Merleau-Ponty [1988] – M. Merleau-Ponty, In praise of philosophy, [in:] J. O'Neill (ed.), In praise of philosophy and other essays, Northwestern University Press, Evanston 1988.
View in Google Scholar

Merleau-Ponty [2001] – M. Merleau-Ponty, The incarnate subject: Malebranche, Biran, and Bergson on the union of body and soul, Prometheus books, Amherst 2001.
View in Google Scholar

Mullarkey [1999] – J. Mullarkey (ed.), The new Bergson, Manchester University Press, Manchester 1999.
View in Google Scholar

Mullarkey [2000] – J. Mullarkey, Bergson and philosophy, University of Notre Dame Press, Indiana 2000.
View in Google Scholar

Rauscher [2009] – F. Rauscher, Freedom and reason in Groundwork III, [in:] J. Timmerman (ed.), Kant's groundwork on the metaphysics of morals, Cambridge University Press, New York 2009.
View in Google Scholar

Velkley [1989] – R.L. Velkley, Freedom and the end of reason, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1989.
View in Google Scholar

Watts Cunningham [1914] – G. Watts Cunningham, Bergson's conception of duration, “The philosophical review” 23 (5) 1914.
View in Google Scholar

Worms [2009] – F. Worms, La philosophie en France au 20e siècle – moments, Éditions Gallimard, Paris 2009.
View in Google Scholar