Is empathy mental simulation? Remarks on the representative approach based on the concept of mirror neurons (in Polish)

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Paweł Gładziejewski


This paper draws on the theoretical achievements of analytic philosophy of mind (simulation theory of knowing other minds) and the empirical results of psychology and cognitive neuroscience (the discovery of mirror neurons and mirror systems) in order to understand the nature of empathy and the sub-personal mechanisms upon which it is based. The paper distinguishes two types of empathy, which are often not sufficiently clearly distinguished in the literature, empathy as a kind of social perception and empathy as compassion. The argument attempts show to that neither of these can be identified with a mental simulation process understood as a sub-personal process. Nevertheless mental simulation may play a limited explanatory role with respect to these two types of empathy.


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Gładziejewski, Paweł. 2011. “Is Empathy Mental Simulation? Remarks on the Representative Approach Based on the Concept of Mirror Neurons (in Polish)”. Diametros, no. 27 (March):108-29.
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Author Biography

Paweł Gładziejewski, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu

Paweł Gładziejewski Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu Instytut Filozofii Zakład Teorii Poznania i Metodologii Nauk
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