Moral obligations towards our fellows and towards strangers – Who are we obliged to assist? (in Polish)

Main Article Content

Marta Soniewicka


The paper considers arguments concerning the obligation to assist strangers. It analyzes the problem of specifying obligations, which the inhabitants of the world have toward one another. The considerations focus on two closely connected questions: (1) what is the obligation to assist and what is its source? (2) what is the scope of the obligation to assist (who ought to assist whom)? The author considers the assumptions that are to be made if we take the obligation to assist distant strangers to be a duty of justice. The paper concentrates on the most frequent assumptions, which are of two kinds: (a) institutional and universal; (b) axiological and particular. It is pointed out, given various examples of international dilemmas, how these two types of arguments may justify a hierarchy of mutual obligations.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Soniewicka, Marta. 2010. “Moral Obligations towards Our Fellows and towards Strangers – Who Are We Obliged to Assist? (in Polish)”. Diametros, no. 26 (December):166-87.
Special topic – Global justice
Author Biography

Marta Soniewicka

dr Marta Soniewicka, Katedra Filozofii Prawa i Etyki Prawniczej UJ
Share |


Aiken [1981] – W. Aiken, World Hunger and Foreign Aid: The Morality of Mass Starvation, [w:] Values in Conflict. Life, Liberty and the Rule of Law, B.M. Leiser (red.), New York 1981: 189–201.

Barry [1982] – B.M. Barry, Humanity and Justice in Global Perspective, [w:] Ethics, Economics and the Law, J. Pennock / J. Chapman (red.), NOMOS XXIV, Harvester Wheatsheaf, New York 1982.

Beauchamp [1981] – T. Beauchamp, The Right to Food, [w:] Values in Conflict. Life, Liberty and the Rule of Law, B.M. Leiser (red.), New York 1981.

Biblia Tysiąclecia [1990] – Biblia Tysiąclecia, Wydawnictwo Pallottinum, Poznań-Warszawa 1990, s. 1195.

Buchanan [2004] – A. Buchanan, Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law, Oxford Univ. Press 2004.

Dworkin [2006] – R. Dworkin, Imperium prawa, przeł. J. Winczorek, Wolters Kluwer, Warszawa 2006.

Føllesdal [2000] – A. Føllesdal, Global Justice as Impartiality: Whither claims to equal shares?, [w:] International Justice, T. Coates (red.), Ashgate, Aldershot 2000.

Goodin [1988] – R. Goodwin, What is so Special about Our Fellow Countrymen, “Ethics” 98 (4) 1988.

Hardin [1974] – G. Hardin, Living on a Lifeboat, “BioScience” 24 (10) 1974: 561-568.

HDR [2010] – Human Development Report 2010, New York, dostępne na:

HDR [2005] – Human Development Report 2005, New York, dostępne na:, s. 3-37.

Kymlicka [2009] – W. Kymlicka, Współczesna filozofia polityczna, przeł. A. Pawelec, Fundacja ALETHEIA, Warszawa 2009.

Mandle [2006] – J. Mandle, Global Justice, Polity Press, Cambridge 2006.

Miller [2005] – D. Miller, On Nationality, Oxford Univ. Press 2005.

Miller [2007] – D. Miller, National Responsibility and Global Justice, Oxford 2007.

Nagel [2005] – T. Nagel, The Problem of Global Justice, “Philosophy and Public Affairs” (33) 2005.

Nussbaum [2001] – M. Nussbaum, Duties of Justice, Duties of Material Aid: Cicero’s Problematic Legacy, [w:] Martha C. Nussbaum: Ethics and Political Philosophy, A. Kallhoff (red.), Münster, Hamburg, London 2001.

Pogge [1989] – T. Pogge, Realizing Rawls, Cornell University Press 1989.

Pogge [2008] – T. Pogge, World Poverty and Human Rights. Cosmopolitan Responsibilities and Reforms, Polity Press 2008.

Sandel [2009] – M. Sandel, Justice. What’s the Right Thing to Do?, Allen Lane 2009.

Scheffler [2008] – S. Scheffler, Boundaries and Allegiances. Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought, Oxford 2008.

Singer [1972] – P. Singer, Famine, Affluence and Morality, “Philosophy and Public Affairs” (1) 1972: 229-243.

Singer [2007] – P. Singer, Etyka praktyczna, przeł. A. Sagan, Warszawa 2007: 220 i nast. Thompson [1971] – J. Thompson, A Defense of Abortion, “Philosophy and Public Affairs” 1 (1) 1971.

Walzer [2007] – M. Walzer, Sfery sprawiedliwości. Obrona pluralizmu i równości, przeł. M. Szczubiałka, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, Warszawa 2007.

Wenar [2007] – L. Wenar, Responsibility and Severe Poverty, [w:] Freedom from Poverty as a Human Right, T. Pogge (red.), UNESCO and OXFORD University Press 2007.