Dehumanization, lesser evil and the supreme emergency exemption

Main Article Content

Yitzhak Benbaji

Abstract

Many believe that if the indiscriminate bombings of German cities at the beginning of World War II were necessary for preventing unlimited spread of Nazism, then the bombings were justified. For, the outcome, in which innocent Germans living in Nazi Germany are killed, was not as bad as the outcome in which the Nazis inflict ethnic cleansing and enslavement on a massive scale. Recently, however, Daniel Statman has advanced a powerful case against this type of justification. I aim in this paper to develop an enriched version of consequentialism which rescues the "lesser evil elucidation" of the Exemption.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Benbaji, Yitzhak. 2010. “Dehumanization, Lesser Evil and the Supreme Emergency Exemption”. Diametros, no. 23 (September):5-21. https://doi.org/10.13153/diam.23.2010.379.
Section
Special topic – The Ethics of War
Author Biography

Yitzhak Benbaji

Bar-Ilan University and Shalom Hartman Institute
Share |

References

Anscombe [1979] – G.E.M. Anscombe, War and Murder, in: Moral Problems, ed. James Rachels, HarperCollins, New York 1979.
View in Google Scholar

Arneson [2001] – Richard Arneson, Against Rights, ”Philosophical Issues“ (11) 2001.
View in Google Scholar

Benbaji [2005] – Yitzhak Benbaji, Culpable Bystanders, Innocent Threats and the Ethics of Self-Defense, ”Canadian Journal of Philosophy“ (35) 2005.
View in Google Scholar

Benbaji [2009] - Yitzhak Benbaji, Parity, Intransitivity and a Context-Sensitive Degree Analysis of Gradability, ”Australasian Journal of Philosophy“ (87) 2009.
View in Google Scholar

Benbaji [2010] – Yitzhak Benbaji, Contractarianism and Emergency, forthcoming in: Understanding Promises and Agreements: Philosophical Essays, ed. Hanoch Sheinman, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2010.
View in Google Scholar

Coady [2002] – C.A.J. Coady, Terrorism, Just War and Supreme Emergency, in: Terrorism and Justice: Moral Argument in a Threatened World, eds. C.A.J. Coady and Michael O’Keefe, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne 2002.
View in Google Scholar

Coady [2004] – C.A.J. Coady, Terrorism and Innocence, ”The Journal of Ethics“ (8) 2004.
View in Google Scholar

Dworkin [1977] – Ronald Dworkin, Taking Rights Seriously, in: Taking rights Seriously, Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA 1977.
View in Google Scholar

Ford [1970] – J.C. Ford, The Morality of Obliteration Bombing, in: War and Morality, ed. Richard Wasserstrom Wadsworth, Belmont, CA 1970.
View in Google Scholar

Frankfurt [1999] – Harry Frankfurt, On the Usefulness of Final Ends, reprinted in: Necessity, Volition and Love, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1999.
View in Google Scholar

Gauthier [1979] – David Gauthier, Thomas Hobbes: Moral Theorist, ”The Journal of Philosophy“ (76) 1979.
View in Google Scholar

Hybron [2002] – Daniel M. Hybron, Moral Monsters and Saints, ”The Monist“ (85) 2002.
View in Google Scholar

Kamm [2000] – Frances M. Kamm, The Doctrine of Triple Effect and Why a Rational Agent Need Not Intend the Means to His End, ”The Aristotelian Society Supplementary” 74 (1) 2000.
View in Google Scholar

Margalit, Motzkin [1996] – Avishai Margalit, Gabriel Motzkin, The Uniqueness of the Holocaust, ”Philosophy and Public Affairs“ (25) 1996.
View in Google Scholar

McMahan [1994] – Jeff McMahan, Self-Defense and the Problem of the Innocent Attacker, ”Ethics“ (104) 1994.
View in Google Scholar

McMahan [2002] – Jeff McMahan, The Ethics of Killing, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2002.
View in Google Scholar

McMahan [2005] – Jeff McMahan, The Basis of Moral Liability to Defensive Killing, ”Philosophical Issues“ (15) 2005.
View in Google Scholar

Nozick [1974] – Robert Nozick, Anarchy, State, and Utopia, Basic Books, New York 1974.
View in Google Scholar

Otsuka [1994] – Michael Otsuka, Killing the Innocent in Self-Defense, ”Philosophy and Public Affairs“ (23) 1994.
View in Google Scholar

Rawls [1999] – John Rawls, The Law of Peoples, Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA 1999.
View in Google Scholar

Rodin [2004] – David Rodin, Terrorism without Intention, ”Ethics“ (114) 2004.
View in Google Scholar

Sen [1982] – Amartya Sen, Rights and Agency, ”Philosophy and Public Affairs“ (11) 1982.
View in Google Scholar

Statman [2006] – Daniel Statman, Supreme Emergencies Revisited, ”Ethics“ (117) 2006.
View in Google Scholar

Stocker [1979] – Michael Stocker, Desiring the Bad: An Essay in Moral Psychology, ”The Journal of Philosophy“ (76) 1979.
View in Google Scholar

Toner [2005] – Christopher Toner, Just War and the Supreme Emergency Exemption, ”The Philosophical Quarterly“ (55) 2005.
View in Google Scholar

Walzer [1977] – Michael Walzer, Just and Unjust Wars, Basic Books, New York 1977.
View in Google Scholar

Walzer [2004] – Michael Walzer, Arguing about War, Yale University Press, New Haven 2004.
View in Google Scholar

Walzer [2006] – Michael Walzer, Terrorism and Just War, ”Philosophia“ (34) 2006.
View in Google Scholar