Gorgias' First Thesis. An Analysis (in Polish)

Main Article Content

Andrzej Nowakowski

Abstract

The proof of first thesis of Gorgias is an indirect deductive argument constructed by the multiple use of the modus tollens pattern. Those of its premises which are assumed without proofs are misleadingly similar to some logical or analytical truths. If they actually were such truths, some contradictions would have to appear in the proof. In the times of Gorgias the proof could be regarded as correct; the possibility of showing and clearly describing its defects emerged only after formal logic had been invented. Gorgias could announce his thesis seriously – as a thesis of extreme metaphysical nihilism – without being embarrassed. If the proof is a sophistry, then it is a masterpiece among sophistries, the most outstanding achievement of the sophists in this domain.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Nowakowski, Andrzej. 2016. “Gorgias’ First Thesis. An Analysis (in Polish)”. Diametros, no. 48 (June):71-88. https://doi.org/10.13153/diam.48.2016.892.
Section
Articles
Author Biography

Andrzej Nowakowski, Department of Philosophy

Andrzej Nowakowski, dr hab.Maria Curie-Skłodowska UniversityDepartment of Philosophypl. M.C. Skłodowskiej 4Pl-20-031 LublinE-mail: andnow@bacon.umcs.lublin.pl
Share |

References

Barnes [1982] – J. Barnes, The Presocratic Philosophers, Routledge, London and New York 1982.
View in Google Scholar

Barney [2006] – R. Barney, Gorgias of Leontini, [w:] Encyclopedia of Philosophy, t. IV, D.M. Borchert (red.), Thomson Gale, Detroit 2006, s. 162–164.
View in Google Scholar

Bartnik [2001] – Cz. Bartnik, Historia filozofii, Gaudium, Lublin 2001.
View in Google Scholar

Bett [2005] – Sextus Empiricus, Against the Logicians, tłum. R. Bett, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2005.
View in Google Scholar

Blandzi [2012] – S. Blandzi, Gorgiasza meontologia vs. nihilizm, „Argument” (2) 2012, s. 245–263.
View in Google Scholar

Copleston [1998] – F. Copleston, Historia filozofii, t. I, tłum. H. Bednarek, PAX, Warszawa 1998.
View in Google Scholar

Dąmbska [1970] – Sekstus Empiryk, Przeciw logikom, tłum. I. Dąmbska, PWN, Warszawa 1970.
View in Google Scholar

Diels, Kranz [1952] – H. Diels, W. Kranz, Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, Weidmannsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Berlin 1952.
View in Google Scholar

Fuller [1966] – B.A.G. Fuller, Historia filozofii, t. I, tłum. Z. Glinka, PWN, Warszawa 1966.
View in Google Scholar

Gajda [1989] – J. Gajda, Sofiści, Wiedza Powszechna, Warszawa 1989.
View in Google Scholar

Gawroński [1990] – A. Gawroński, Kiedy „być” znaczy „istnieć?”, „Znak–Idee” (2) 1990, s. 3–18.
View in Google Scholar

Gomperz [1920] – Th. Gomperz, Greek Thinkers. A History of Ancient Philosophy, t. I, John Murray, London 1920.
View in Google Scholar

Kahn [1998] – Ch. Kahn, Gorgias, [w:] Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ver. 1.0, E. Craig (red.), London and New York 1998, s. 3218–3220.
View in Google Scholar

Kahn [2008] – Ch. Kahn, Z powrotem do teorii czasownika „być” i pojęcia bytu, [w:] Ch. Kahn, Język i ontologia, tłum. B. Żukowski, Antyk, Kęty 2008, s. 81–113.
View in Google Scholar

Kennedy [1972] – G. Kennedy, Gorgias' “On The Nonexistent Or On Nature”, [w:] The Older Sophists, R.K. Sprague (red.), University of South Carolina Press, Columbia 1972, s. 42–47.
View in Google Scholar

Kerferd [1955] – G.B. Kerferd, Gorgias on nature or that which is not, „Phronesis” (1/1) 1955, s. 3–25.
View in Google Scholar

Kerferd [1981] – G.B. Kerferd, The Sophistic Movement, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1981.
View in Google Scholar

Kerferd [2005] – G.B. Kerferd, The Sophists, [w:] Routledge History of Philosophy, t. I, C.C.W. Taylor (red.), Routledge, London and New York 2005, s. 225–248.
View in Google Scholar

Krokiewicz [1995] – A. Krokiewicz, Zarys filozofii greckiej, Aletheia, Warszawa 1995.
View in Google Scholar

Legowicz [1973] – J. Legowicz, Historia filozofii starożytnej Grecji i Rzymu, PWN, Warszawa 1973.
View in Google Scholar

McComiskey [1997] – B. McComiskey, Gorgias, “On Non-Existence”: Sextus Empiricus, “Against the Logicians” 1.65-87, Translated from the Greek Text in Herman Diels's “Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker”, „Philosophy and Rhetoric” (30/1) 1997, s. 45–49.
View in Google Scholar

Miłuńska [1991] – B. Miłuńska, Gorgiasz: O tym, co nie jest, „Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici. Nauki Humanistyczno–Społeczne. Filozofia” (12/228) 1991.
View in Google Scholar

Mourelatos [1987] – A.P.D. Mourelatos, Gorgias on the Function of Language, „Philosophical Topics” (XV/2) 1987, s. 153–170.
View in Google Scholar

Nerczuk [2004] – Z. Nerczuk, Traktat Gorgiasza „O niebycie” w parafrazie Sekstusa Empiryka [w:] Sapere aude, I. Mikołajczyk (red.), Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika, Toruń 2004, s. 185–201.
View in Google Scholar

Reale [1993] – G. Reale, Historia filozofii starożytnej, t. I, tłum. E.I. Zieliński, M. Podbielski, RW KUL, Lublin 1993.
View in Google Scholar

Robinson [2003] – T.M. Robinson, Sofiści, [w:] Historia filozofii zachodniej, R.H. Popkin (red.), tłum. M. Kaczyński i inni, Zysk i S-ka, Poznań 2003, s. 49–52.
View in Google Scholar

Russell [2000] – B. Russell, Dzieje filozofii zachodu, tłum. T. Baszniak i inni, Aletheia, Warszawa 2000.
View in Google Scholar

Schiappa [1997] – E. Schiappa, Interpreting Gorgias's ”Being” in “On Not-Being or On Nature”, „Philosophy and Rhetoric” (30/1) 1997, s. 13–30.
View in Google Scholar

Świeżawski [2000] – S. Świeżawski, Dzieje europejskiej filozofii klasycznej, PWN, Warszawa 2000.
View in Google Scholar

Tatarkiewicz [1988] – W. Tatarkiewicz, Historia filozofii, t. I, PWN, Warszawa 1988.
View in Google Scholar

Wesoły [1992] – M. Wesoły, „Argument własny” Gorgiasza, „Studia Metodologiczne” (27) 1994, s. 267–297.
View in Google Scholar

Wiśniewski [2002] – R. Wiśniewski, Sofiści, [w:] W. Tyburski, A. Wachowiak, R. Wiśniewski, Historia filozofii i etyki do współczesności. Źródła i komentarze, TNOiK Dom Organizatora, Toruń 2002, s. 32–38.
View in Google Scholar

Wojtysiak [2005] – J. Wojtysiak, O słowie „być”, TN KUL, Lublin 2005.
View in Google Scholar

Wolniewicz [1977] – B. Wolniewicz, Semantyka Fregego, [w:] G. Frege, Pisma semantyczne, tłum. B. Wolniewicz, PWN, Warszawa 1977, s. VII–XXXII.
View in Google Scholar

Woodruff [1999] – P. Woodruff, Rhetoric and Relativism: Protagoras and Gorgias, [w:] The Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy, A.A. Long (red.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1999, s. 290–310.
View in Google Scholar