Animal body consciousness – who owns the body of an animal? (in Polish)

Main Article Content

Piotr Wronarowicz


This paper considers the body ownership of nonhuman animals, related to the body consciousness problem. The issue of nonhuman animal consciousness is based on Donald R. Griffin’s work and is narrowed down to body-consciousness with the addition of arguments from Richard Shusterman's Body Consciousness and neurobiology. The attempt to set a boundary between animals which have body awareness and those which do not is inconclusive. However, it was possible to locate animal body-consciousness among the different types of awareness and to distinguish between body-awareness and higher degree body-consciousness. The latter type does not need self-awareness to be recognized. This means that many more species than only those that are able to pass Gallup's test may have this kind of consciousness. The article ends by pointing out which type of consciousness/awareness is sufficient for determining whether animals have a right to their bodies and are their rightful owners.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Wronarowicz, Piotr. 2013. “Animal Body Consciousness – Who Owns the Body of an Animal? (in Polish)”. Diametros, no. 36 (June):147-65.
Author Biography

Piotr Wronarowicz, Elementary School nr 80

Piotr Wronarowicz, MA Jagiellonian University Department of Philosophy alumnus ethics teacher Elementary School nr 80 Os. Na Skarpie 8 Pl-31-909 Kraków e-mail:
Share |


Griffin [1981] – D.R. Griffin, The question of Animal Awareness Evolutionary Continuity of Mental Experience, The Rockefeller University Press, New York 1981.
View in Google Scholar

Griffin [2004] – D.R. Griffin, Umysły zwierząt, tłum. M. Ślusarska, A. Tabaczyńska, Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne, Gdańsk 2004.
View in Google Scholar

Helfer [2009] – B. Helfer, Neuronalne korelaty świadomości – pierwszy krok ku biologicznej podstawie świadomości, dostępne na:
View in Google Scholar

Kalat [2007] – J.W. Kalat, Biologiczne podstawy psychologii, tłum. M. Binder, A. Jarmocik, M. Kuniecki, PWN, Warszawa 2007.
View in Google Scholar

Maruszewski [2001] – T. Maruszewski, Psychologia poznania, Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne, Gdańsk 2001.
View in Google Scholar

Masson [1998] – J.M. Masson, Dogs never lie about love: reflections on the emotional world of dogs, Rivers Press, New York 1998.
View in Google Scholar

Patterson [1993] – F. Patterson, W. Gordon, The Case for the Personhood of Gorillas, [w:] The Great Ape Project: equality beyond humanity, ed. P. Cavalieri, P. Singer, St. Martin's Press, New York 1994, s. 58-77.
View in Google Scholar

Roczeń [2006] – R. Roczeń, Podmiotowość małp człekokształtnych, [w:] Świadomość środowiska, red. W. Galewicz, Universitas, Kraków 2006.
View in Google Scholar

Sadowski [2009] – B. Sadowski, Biologiczne mechanizmy zachowania się ludzi i zwierząt, PWN, Warszawa 2007.
View in Google Scholar

Shusterman [2010] - R. Shusterman, Świadomość ciała : dociekania z zakresu somaestetyki, tłum. W. Małecki, S. Stankiewicz, Universitas, Kraków 2010.
View in Google Scholar