Institutional Facts (in Polish)

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Karol Chrobak


The principal aim of this article is to analyze the structure of institutional facts. These are facts whose essential part is a particular social context. The physical facts that present the background of institutional facts are called “brute facts”. In the article I define the link between them and institutional facts. I first analyze the concept of the brute fact using Elizabeth Anscombe’s article On brute facts (1958). I discuss in detail the structure of institutional facts and define their relation to brute facts. Then I take up the analysis of the contemporary theory of institutional facts presented by John Searle in his book The Construction of Social Reality (1995). I first distinguish between regulative and constitutive rules and analyze more closely the structure of such constitution. Next, I introduce the concept of institution which according to Searle means a particular pattern of behavior that is defined by a set of constitutive rules. In the end I take up the issue of the ontological foundation of the institution, i.e. of collective consciousness.


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How to Cite
Chrobak, Karol. 2011. “Institutional Facts (in Polish)”. Diametros, no. 28 (June):20-31.
Author Biography

Karol Chrobak

Karol Chrobak Ph.D. – assistant professor in Institute of Philosophy at the Faculty of Humanities at the Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW). The interests of the author focus on philosophical anthropology, philosophy of culture and social philosophy. The habilitation that is being prepared concerns the anthropological background of philosophy of culture. Besides he works on polish philosophy of the interwar period. He is the author of the monograph dedicated to the philosophy of Leon Chwistek (Niejedna rzeczywistość, Kraków 2004).
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