Philosophy of the Kyoto School in the light of the critique of the views of the Brahmajāla Sutta

Main Article Content

Robert Szuksztul


The aim of the present article is to examine the problem connected with treating the philosophy of the Kyoto School as Buddhist philosophy, which is a serious trend among scholars concerned with this issue. This is a serious problem, since, in my opinion, it leads to a misinterpretation of both Buddhism and the position of this school, regardless of the fact that its representatives regularly refer to Buddhist ideas. Several such references are presented in the first section. Further considerations (in the second section) concern the analysis of the Brahmajāla Sutta, which contains a critique of 62 classes of speculative views; this makes it an interpretational point of reference for the evaluation of the eventual Buddhist character of the Kyoto School. The third section presents preliminary conclusions of the analyses; the fourth section offers valuable literature for persons interested in the philosophy of the school.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Szuksztul, Robert. 2007. “Philosophy of the Kyoto School in the Light of the Critique of the Views of the Brahmajāla Sutta”. Diametros, no. 12 (June):94-111.
Share |


Zamieszczony poniżej spis bibliograficzny, jest pomyślany jako przewod- nik dla zainteresowanych filozofią szkoły z Kioto, i wykracza poza pozycje cytowane w tekście.

Bhikkhu Bodhi, The Discourse on the All-embracing Net of Views. The Brahmajāla Sutta and its Commentarial Exegesis, Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy 1978, s. 54.

Blocker Gene, Starling Christopher, Japanese Philosophy, SUNY Press, Albany 2001.

Carter Robert E., The Nothingness Beyond God – An Introduction to the Philosophy of Nishida Kitarō, New York 1989.

Dilworth David A., The Range of Nishida's Early Religious Thought: Zen no kenkyū, „Philosophy East and West”, vol. 19 (1969), s. 409-421.

Dilworth David A., Nishida’s Early Pantheistic Voluntarism, „Philosophy East and West”, vol. 20, s. 35-49. Artykuł dostępny też ze strony

Franck Frederick, The Buddha Eye: An Anthology of the Kyoto School, 1982.

Heisig James W., Tanabe's Logic of the Specific and the Spirit of Nationalism,

Heisig James W., Tanabe's Logic of the Specific and the Critique of the Global Village,

Heisig James W., Philosophy as Spirituality: The Way of the Kyoto School, w: Takeuchi Yoshinori (red.), Buddhist Spirituality. Volume 2: Later China, Korea, Japan, and the Modern World, Crossroad, New York 1999, s. 367-388. as Spirituality.pdf.

Heisig James W., Non-I and Thou. Nishida, Buber, and the Moral Consequences of Self- Actualization, „Philosophy East and West”, April 2000, vol. 50/2, s. 179.

Heisig James W., Philosophers of Nothingness: An Essay on the Kyoto School, Honolulu 2001.

Heisig James, Maraldo John C., Rude Awakenings. Zen, The Kyoto School and the Ques- tion of Nationalism, Honolulu 1995.

Kozyra Agnieszka, Wizja Boga w Studium dobra Nishidy Kitarō, „Japonica” 7/1997.

Nishida Kitarō, The Problem of Japanese Culture, w: Theodore Du Bary (ed.), Sources of Japanese Tradition, New York, vol. 2, s. 350-365.

Nishida Kitarō, Fundamental Problems of Philosophy, Sophia University, Tokyo 1970.

Nishida Kitarō, Art and Morality, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu 1973. Nishida Kitarō [1986]. The Logic of Topos and the Religious Worldview, „The Eastern Buddhist”, vol. 19/2, s. 1-29; 20/1, s. 81-119.

Nishida Kitarō, Intuition and Reflection in Self-Conciousness, 1987.

Nishida Kitarō, An Inquiry Into the Good, Yale University Press, 1990.

Nishida Kitarō, Logika „miejsca” w perspektywie religijnej, cz. I, „Japonica” 11/1999.

Nishida Kitarō, Logika „miejsca” w perspektywie religijnej, cz. II, „Japonica” 13/2000.

Nishida Kitarō, Absolutnie sprzeczna samotożsamość, cz. I, „Japonica” 14/2001.

Nishitani Keiji, Science and Zen, w: Franck [1982], s. 107-135, pierwodruk w: „The Eastern Buddhist”, vol. 1/1 (1965), s. 79-108.

Nishitani Keiji, The Awakening of Self in Buddhism [w:] Franck [1982], s. 11-20, pier- wodruk w: „The Eastern Buddhist”, vol. 1/2 (1966), s. 1-11.

Nishitani Keiji, A Buddhist Philosopher Looks at the Future of Christianity, w: Japa- nese Christian Yearbook, Kyōbunkwan, Tokyo 1968, s. 108-111.

Nishitani Keiji, The I-Thou Relation in Zen Buddhism, w: Franck [1982], s. 39-53, pier- wodruk w: „The Eastern Buddhist”, vol. 2/1 (1969), s. 71-87.

Nishitani Keiji, The Significance of Zen in Modern Society, w: „Japanese Religions”, vol. 8/3, s. 18-24.

Nishitani Keiji, Religion and Nothingness, 1982.

Nishitani Keiji, The Self-Overcoming of Nihilism, 1990.

Nishitani Keiji, Nishida Kitarō, 1991.

Nishitani Keiji, Nishida Kitaro's Character... [Nishida Kitarō Sensei no hitogara], w: Collected Works, 15: 12-21, 1992, tłum. Wayne Yokoyama, Kioto. Artykuł zamieszczony na stronie:

Noda Matao, East-West Synthesis in Kitarō Nishida, w: „Philosophy East and West”, vol. 4/4 (1954-1955), s. 345-359.

Tanabe Hajime, Memento Mori, „Philosophical Studies of Japan”, vol. 1, s. 1-12.

Tanabe Hajime, The Logic of the Species as Dialectics, „Monumenta Nipponica”, vol. 24/3, s. 273-288.

Tanabe Hajime, Philosophy as Metanoetics, 1986.

Tanabe Hajime, Religion, Theology, and Philosophy. Conclusion: Love, Struggle, and Freedom, w:Ozaki Makoto, Introduction to Philosophy of Tanabe [...], Amsterdam 1990, s. 127-169.

Uno Taitetsu (red.), The Religious Philosophy of Nishitani Keiji. Encounter with Empti- ness, 1989.

Unno Taitetsu, Heisig James (red.), The Religious Philosophy of Tanabe Hajime: The Metanoetic Imperative, 1990.

Waldenfels Hans, Absolute Nothingness: Foundation for a Buddhist-Christian Dialogue, 1980.

Wargo Robert J.J., The Logic of Nothingness. A Study of Nishida Kitarō, Honolulu 2005.

Yusa Michiko, Zen and Philosophy. An Intellectual Biography of Nishida Kitaro, Honolulu 2002.