Senses of objectivity. Henri Poincaré and Ernst Cassirer in the context of structural realism

Main Article Content

Damian Luty
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0194-9790

Abstract

The goal of the paper is to, at least partly, justify the rejection of what I term the thesis of the origins of structural realism. This thesis deals with the connections, postulated by a certain metaphilosophical narrative, between the contemporary positions of epistemic/ontic structural realism and the views held by physicists and philosophers from the early 20th century. In the paper I summarize the above-mentioned positions and the relationships they are supposed to have enjoyed with the philosophy of Henri Poincaré and Ernst Cassirer. I then proceed to illustrate why such relationships are ill-founded and present conclusions about the unique nature of both structural realism and the notions of objectivity and reality in their context.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Luty, Damian. 2020. “Senses of Objectivity. Henri Poincaré and Ernst Cassirer in the Context of Structural Realism”. Diametros 18 (67):54-70. https://doi.org/10.33392/diam.1171.
Section
Articles
Author Biography

Damian Luty, Adam Mickiewicz University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Philosophy

Damian Luty

Adam Mickiewicz University

Department of Philosophy

60-568 Poznań, Polska

e-mail: damianluty@gmail.com

Share |

References

Ainsworth P.M. (2010), What is Ontic Structural Realism?, „Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics” 41 (1): 50–57.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsb.2009.11.001

Ben-Menahem Y. (2006), Conventionalism, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511584404

Brading K., Crull E. (2017), Epistemic Structural Realism and Poincaré’s Philosophy of Science, „Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science” 7 (1): 108–129.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/691138

Busch J. (2003), What Structures Could Not Be, „International Studies in the Philosophy of Science” 17 (3): 211–223.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/0269859032000169433

Cao T.Y. (2003), Can We Dissolve Physical Entities into Mathematical Structures?, „Synthese” 136 (1): 57–71.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024112417545

Cassirer E. (2006), O teorii względności Einsteina, tłum. P. Parszutowicz, Wydawnictwo Marek Derewiecki, Kęty.
View in Google Scholar

Cassirer E. (2008), Substancja i funkcja, tłum. P. Parszutowicz, Wydawnictwo Marek Dere-wiecki, Kęty.
View in Google Scholar

Cassirer E. (1956), Determinism and Indeterminism in Modern Physics, Yale University Press, New Haven.
View in Google Scholar

Chakravartty A. (2007), A Metaphysics for Scientif c Realism. Knowing the Unobservable, Cam-bridge University Press, Cambridge.
View in Google Scholar

Dasgupta S. (2015), Symmetry as an Epistemic Notion (Twice Over), „The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science” 67 (3): 837–78.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/bjps/axu049

Demopoulus W., Friedman M. (1985), Bertrand Russell’s The Analysis of Matter: Its Historical Context and Contemporary Interest, „Philosophy of Science” 52 (4): 621–639.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/289281


View in Google Scholar

Dorato M. (2016), The Physical World as a Blob: is OSR Really Realism?, „Metascience” 25 (2): 173–181.Dziekan M.R., W obronie epistemicznego realizmu strukturalnego, „Lectiones & Acroases Philo-sophicae” 7 (1): 89–112.
View in Google Scholar

Esfeld M., Lam V. (2008), Moderate Structural Realism About Space-time, „Synthese” 160 (1): 27–46.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-006-9076-2

French S. (2014), The Structure of the World: Metaphysics and Representation, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
View in Google Scholar

French S. (1998), On the Withering Away of Physical Objects, [w:] Interpreting Bodies – Classical and Quantum Objects in Modern Physics, E. Castellani (red.), Princeton University Press, Princeton: 93–113.
View in Google Scholar

French S., Ladyman J. (2003), Remodelling Structural Realism: Quantum Physics and the Meta-physics of Structure, „Synthese” 136 (1): 31–56.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024156116636

French S., Cei A. (2009), On the Transposition of the Substantial into the Functional: Bringing Cassirer’s Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics into the Twenty-First Century, [w:] Constitu-ting Objectivity. Transcendental Perspectives on Modern Physics, M. Bitbol, P. Kerszberg,J. Petitot (red.), Springer + Business Media B.V, Dordrecht: 95–116.
View in Google Scholar

Frigg R., Votsis I. (2011), Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Structural Realism but Were Afraid to Ask, „European Journal for Philosophy of Science” 1: 227–276.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13194-011-0025-7

Friedman M. (2005a), Ernst Cassirer and the Philosophy of Science, [w:] Continental Philosophy of Science, G. Gutting (red.), Blackwell Publishing, New Jersey.
View in Google Scholar

Friedman M. (2005b), Ernst Cassirer and Contemporary Philosophy of Science, „Angelaki: Journal of the Theoretical Humanities” 10 (1): 119–128.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09697250500225792

Friedman M. (1983), Reconsidering Logical Positivism, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
View in Google Scholar

Giedymin J. (1982), Science and Convention, Pergamon Press, Oxford.
View in Google Scholar

Gower B. (2000), Cassirer, Schlick and “Structural” Realism: The Philosophy of the Exact Scien-ces in the Background to Early Logical Empiricism, „British Journal for the History of Philosophy” 8 (1) 2000: 71–106.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/096087800360238

Heis J. (2014), Realism, Functions, and the A Priori: Ernst Cassirer’s Philosophy of Science, „Studies in History and Philosophy of Science” 48: 10–19.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsa.2014.08.003

Hilbert D., Huggett N. (2006), Groups in Mind, „Philosophy of Science” 73 (5): 765–777.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/518635

Ihmig K. (1999), Ernst Cassirer and the Structural Conception of Objects in Modern Science: The Importance of the “Erlanger Program”, „Science in Context” 12 (4): 513–529.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0269889700003586

Ivanova M. (2015), Conventionalism, Structuralism and Neo-Kantianism in Poincaré’s Philosophy of Science, „Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics” 52: 114–122.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsb.2015.03.003

Langton R. (1998), Kantian Humility. Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
View in Google Scholar

Ladyman J. (1998), What is Structural Realism, „Studies in History and Philosophy of Science” 29 (3): 409–424.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0039-3681(98)80129-5

Ladyman J., Ross D. (2007), Every Thing Must Go. Metaphysics Naturalized, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.001.0001

Laudan L. (1981), A Confutation of Convergent Realism, „Philosophy of Science” 48 (1): 19–49.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/288975

MacLeod R. (1982), The “Bankruptcy of Science” Debate: the Creed of Science and Its Critics, 1885–1900, „Science, Technology and Human Values” 41 (7): 2–15.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/016224398200700401

McArthur D. (2007), Recent Debates over Structural Realism, „Journal for General Philosophy of Science” 37 (2): 209–224.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10838-006-9022-5

McKenzie K. (2017), Ontic Structural Realism, „Philosophy Compass” 12 (4): e12399.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/phc3.12399

Mormann T. (2014), On the Vicissitudes of Idealism in 20th Century Philosophy of Science: The Case of Cassirer’s Critical Idealism, „Lectiones & Acroases Philosophicae” 7 (1): 47–62.
View in Google Scholar

Musgrave A. (1988), The Ultimate Argument for Scientif c Realism, [w:] Relativism and Realism in Science, R. Nola (red.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht: 229–252.
View in Google Scholar

Newman M.H.A. (1928), Mr. Russell’s “Causal Theory of Perception”, „Mind, New Series”37 (146): 137–148.
View in Google Scholar

Poincaré H. (1898), On the Foundations of Geometry, „The Monist” 9 (1): 1–43.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/monist/9.1.1

Poincaré H. (1902/1905), Science and Hypothesis, The Walter Scott Publishing Company, New York.
View in Google Scholar

Poincaré H. (1905/1958), The Value of Science, Dover Publications, New York.
View in Google Scholar

Psillos S. (2009), Knowing the Structure of Nature. Essays on Realism and Explanation, Palgrave Macmillan, Houndmills.
View in Google Scholar

Psillos S. (2014), Conventions and Relations in Poincaré’s Philosophy of Science, „Methode” 4 (3):98–140.
View in Google Scholar

Psillos S. (2015), Broken Structuralism, „Metascience” 25 (2): 163–171.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11016-015-0030-0

Putnam H. (1975), Mind, Language, and Reality, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511625251

Russell B. (1927/2007), The Analysis of Matter, Russell Press, Nottingham.
View in Google Scholar

Ryckman T. (1999), Einstein, Cassirer, and General Covariance –Then and Now, „Science in Context” 12 (4): 585–619.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0269889700003628

Ryckman T. (2005), The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915–1925, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/0195177177.001.0001

Sady W. (2013), Spór o racjonalność naukową: od Poincarégo do Laudana, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika, Toruń.
View in Google Scholar

Szlachcic K. (1992), Filozof a nauki francuskiego konwencjonalizmu: P. Duhem, H. Poincaré, E. Le Royo poznawczych możliwościach nauk empirycznych, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocław-skiego, Wrocław.
View in Google Scholar

Szlachcic K. (2011), Prawda w perspektywie konwencjonalistycznej. Pierwsze historyczne diagnozy, [w:] Prawda, D. Leszczyński (red.), Wrocław: 345–361.
View in Google Scholar

Szumilewicz I. (1978), Poincaré, Państwowe Wydawnictwo Wiedza Powszechna, Warszawa.
View in Google Scholar

Torretti R. (1984), Philosophy of Geometry from Riemann to Poincaré, Kluwer Academic Pu-blisher, Dordrecht.
View in Google Scholar

van Fraassen B. (1989), Laws and Symmetry, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/0198248601.001.0001

Votsis I. (2012), Tracing the Development of Structural Realism, URL = http://www.votsis.org/PDF/Structuralism_in_Natural_Science.pdf [dostęp 15.01.2018].
View in Google Scholar

Votsis I. (2005), The Upward Path to Structural Realism, „Philosophy of Science” 72 (5):1361–1372.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/508974

Worrall J. (1989/1993), Structural Realism: The Best of Both Worlds?, [w:] The Philosophy of Science, D. Papineau (red.), Oxford University Press, Oxford: 139–165.
View in Google Scholar

Worrall J., Zahar E.G. (2001), Appendix IV: Ramseyf cation and Structural Realism, [w:] Poin-caré’s Philosophy: From Conventionalism to Phenomenology, E. Zahar (red.), Open Court, Chicago: 236–251.
View in Google Scholar

Worrall, J. (2011), Underdetermination, Realism and Empirical Equivalence, „Synthese” 180 (2): 157–172.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-009-9599-4

Zahar E.G. (1997), Poincaré’s Philosophy of Geometry, or does Geometric Conventionalism Deserve Its Name?, „Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics” 28 (2): 183–218.
View in Google Scholar
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1355-2198(96)00027-5