Voltaire’s Radicalism

Main Article Content

Zbigniew Drozdowicz


This article reminds the reader of the views of Voltaire, one of the most prominent and influential philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment. Voltaire’s radicalism manifested itself mainly in anticlericalism which was consistent, uncompromising and voiced without mincing words. A general aim of this article is to demonstrate to his contemporary imitators, who can be found in different countries including Poland, that they are in fact more or less accurate copies of him and they are not always aware of whom they imitate and what value this imitation has. Perhaps this article can make them, if not more restrained in their statements and practical actions, at least more self-critical and taking into account what is expressed in public discourse.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Drozdowicz, Zbigniew. 2014. “Voltaire’s Radicalism”. Diametros, no. 40 (June):5-21. https://doi.org/10.13153/diam.40.2014.627.
Special Topic - The Radicalism of the Enlightenment
Author Biography

Zbigniew Drozdowicz, Faculty of Social Sciences Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań

Prof. zw. dr hab. Zbigniew DrozdowiczFaculty of Social SciencesAdam Mickiewicz University in Poznańul. Szamarzewskiego 8960-568 PoznańPolandEmail: zbigniew.drozdowicz@amu.edu.pl
Share |


Banaszak [1992] – M. Banaszak, Historia Kościoła katolickiego, vol. 4, ATK, Warszawa 1992.

Condorcet [1859] – A. N. Condorcet, “Vie de Voltaire,” [in:] Oeuvres completes de Voltaire, J. Bry Aîné, Paris 1859.

Diderot [1962] – D. Diderot, Correspondance, vol. 8, ed. Georges Roth, Minuit, Paris 1962.

Drozdowicz [2006] – Z. Drozdowicz, Filozofia Oświecenia, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa 2006.

Hazard [1972] – P. Hazard, Myśl europejska w XVIII wieku. Od Monteskiusza do Lessinga, trans. H. Suwała, PIW, Warszawa 1972.

Himmelfarb [2004] – G. Himmelfarb, The Roads to Modernity: The British, French, and American Enlightenments, Random House, Inc., New York 2004.

Israel [2001] – J. Israel, Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650 – 1750, Oxford University Press, New York 2001.

Lanson and Tuffrau [1971] – G. Lanson, P. Tuffrau, Historia literatury francuskiej w zarysie, trans. W. Bieńkowska, PWN, Warszawa 1971.

Pomeau [1956] – R. Pomeau, La Religion de Voltaire, Nizet, Paris 1956.

Pomeau [1974] – R. Pomeau, “Voltaire,” in: Literatura francuska: od początków do końca XVIII wieku, vol. 1, ed. A. Adam, G. Lerminier, E. Morot-Sir, trans. A. Żarska, PWN, Warszawa 1974.

Taylor [1989] – Ch. Taylor, Sources of the Self: The Making of the Modern Identity, Harvard University Press, Cambridge Mass. 1989.

Voltaire [1901] – Voltaire, T. Smollett, J. Morley, W. F. Fleming, O. H. G. Leigh, The Works of Voltaire: a Contemporary Version, E.R. Du Mont, Paris / New York 1901.

Weischedel [1973] – W. Weischedel, Die philosophische Hintertreppe. Die grossen Philosophen in Alltag und Denken, Nymphenburger Verlagshandlung GmbH, München 1973.