Descriptions of facts and their assessment - from myth to the obvious (in Polish)

Main Article Content

Jan Wawrzyniak

Abstract

The topic of the article is the distinction between descriptions of facts and their evaluation. This distinction is of interest to both in philosophy and in the theory of journalism. The article considers one of the assumptions supporting the view that journalists should clearly separate descriptions of facts from their assessment - the assumption that descriptions of facts can be separated from their evaluation. I present various interpretations of this assumption. I point out the existence of a relationship between the thesis of the possibility of separating descriptions from assessments and the belief that descriptions of facts are by their very nature objective, while assessments or valuations are subjective, and then I proceed to criticize the latter conviction. These arguments are not intended to undermine the distinction between descriptions of facts and their evaluation. What I am trying to undermine are the metaphysical justifications and interpretations of this distinction.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Wawrzyniak, Jan. 2010. “Descriptions of Facts and Their Assessment - from Myth to the Obvious (in Polish)”. Diametros, no. 25 (September):75-91. https://doi.org/10.13153/diam.25.2010.405.
Section
Special topic – Ethics for Professions
Share |

References

Bauer [2004] – Z. Bauer, Gatunki dziennikarskie, [w:] Dziennikarstwo i świat mediów, Zbigniew Bauer (red.), Edward Chudziński, Wydawnictwo Universitas, Kraków 2004: 143-173.
View in Google Scholar

Będzie konstytucja [2004] – Będzie konstytucja, „Polityka” 14 (2446) 2004: 16.
View in Google Scholar

Cavell [1976] – S. Cavell, Must We Mean What We Say, [w:] Must We Mean What We Say, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1976: 1-43.
View in Google Scholar

Czubaj [2005] – M. Czubaj, Raport – Wkrótce egzaminacyjne szaleństwo w szkołach, „Polityka” 15 (2499) 2005.
View in Google Scholar

Davidson [2004] – D. Davidson, The Objectivity of Values, w: Problems of Rationality, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2004: 39-57.
View in Google Scholar

Diamond [1991] – C. Diamond Wittgenstein and Metaphysics, [w:] The Realistic Spirit. Wittgenstein, Philosophy, and the Mind, MIT Press, Cambridge 1991: 13-38.
View in Google Scholar

Furman, Kaliszewski, Wolny-Zmorzyński [2000] – W. Furman, A. Kaliszewski, K. Wolny-Zmorzyński, Gatunki dziennikarskie. Specyfika ich tworzenia i redagowania, Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania, Rzeszów 2000.
View in Google Scholar

Hare [1961] – R.M. Hare, Language of morals, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1961.
View in Google Scholar

Hare [1967] – R.M. Hare, Philosophical Discoveries, [w:] The Linguistic Turn. Recent Essays in Philosophical Method, R. Rorty (ed.), The University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1967: 206-217.
View in Google Scholar

Hare [2001] – R.M. Hare, Myślenie moralne. Jego płaszczyzny metoda i istota, tłum. J. Margański, Fundacja Aletheia, Warszawa 2001: 261.
View in Google Scholar

Henle [1967] – P. Henle, Do We Discover our Uses of Words?, [w:] The Linguistic Turn. Recent Essays in Philosophical Method, R. Rorty (ed.), The University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1967: 206-217.
View in Google Scholar

Hume [2005] – D. Hume, Traktat o naturze ludzkiej, tłum. C. Znamierowski, Fundacja Aletheia, Warszawa 2005.
View in Google Scholar

Koko wrócił [2004] – Koko wrócił, „Polityka” 14 (2446) 2004: 16.
View in Google Scholar

Mates [1964] – B. Mates, On the Verification of Statements about Ordinary Language, [w:] Ordinary Language. Essays in Philosophical Method, V.C. Chappell (ed.), Prentice Hall, Engelwood Cliffs, N.J 1964: 64-74.
View in Google Scholar

McDowell [1998] – J. McDowell, Non–Cognitivism and Rule Following, [w:] Mind, Value and Reality, Harvard University Press, Cambridge 1998: 198-218.
View in Google Scholar

Murdoch [1996] – I. Murdoch, O idei doskonałości, [w:] Prymat dobra, tłum. A. Pawelec, Wydawnictwo Znak, Kraków 1996: 21-66.
View in Google Scholar

Putnam [1998a] – H. Putnam, Cóż po filozofie, [w:] Wiele twarzy realizmu i inne eseje, tłum. A. Grobler, PWN, Warszawa 1998: 475-496.
View in Google Scholar

Putnam [1998b] – H. Putnam, W obronie realizmu wewnętrznego, [w:] Wiele twarzy realizmu i inne eseje, tłum. A. Grobler, PWN, Warszawa 1998: 431-450.
View in Google Scholar

Putnam [2002] – H. Putnam, The Collapse of the Fact/Value Dichotomy and Other Essays, Harvard University Press, Cambridge 2002.
View in Google Scholar

Stevenson, [1959] – C.L. Stevenson, The Emotive Meaning of Ethical Terms, [w:] Logical Positivism, A.J. Ayer (ed.), The Free Press, New York 1959: 264-281.
View in Google Scholar

Wawrzyniak [2007] – J. Wawrzyniak, Dlaczego język potoczny? Kilka uwag o roli pojęcia języka potocznego w filozofii Wittgensteina, „Studia Philosophiae Christianae” (1) 2007: 13-29.
View in Google Scholar

Wiggins [1987a] – D. Wiggins, A Sensible Subjectivism, [w:] Needs, Values, Truth. Essays in the Philosophy of Value, Basil Blackwell, Oxford 1987: 185-214.
View in Google Scholar

Wiggins [1987b] – D. Wiggins, Truth, Invention and the Meaning of the Life, [w:] Needs, Values, Truth. Essays in the Philosophy of Value, Basil Blackwell, Oxford 1987: 85-137.
View in Google Scholar

Wiggins [1987c] – D. Wiggins, Truth as Predicated of Moral Judgements, [w:] Needs, Values, Truth. Essays in the Philosophy of Value, Basil Blackwell, Oxford 1987: 138-184.
View in Google Scholar

Williams [1985] – B. Williams, Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy, Harvard University Press, Cambridge 1985.
View in Google Scholar

Wittgenstein [1993] – L. Wittgenstein, O pewności, tłum. M. Sady i W. Sady, Biblioteka Aletheia, Warszawa 1993.
View in Google Scholar

Wittgenstein [1999] – L. Wittgenstein, Kartki, tłum. S. Lisiecka, Wydawnictwo KR, Warszawa 1999.
View in Google Scholar

Wittgenstein [2000] – L. Wittgenstein, Dociekania filozoficzne, tłum. B. Wolniewicz, PWN, Warszawa 2000.
View in Google Scholar